Biology Education

See also     Science Education

In Books

(in chronological order) 

  • Deshmukh N. (2012). Designing and Field  Testing of Remedial Material to Rectify Students' Misconception In Biology at The Secondary School Level, Biology Education for Social and Sustainable Development, Published by Sense Publishers, Rotterdam, The Netherlands, 259-270.
  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2010). Introducing rigor in concept maps. In M. Croitoru, S. Ferre, and D. Lukose (Eds.), In Conceptual Structures: From Information to Intelligence, ICCS 2010, LNAI 6208, pp. 199-202, Springer Verlag 2010.
  • Nagarjuna G. (2009)  Tracing the Biological Roots of Cognition, in N.S. Rangaswamy (Editor) Life and Organicism, Volume XII Part 6, History of Science, Philosophy and Culture in Indian Civilization, Centre for Studies in Civilizations, New Delhi.
  • Mathai, S. and Ramadas, J. (2006) The visual and verbal as modes to express understanding of the human body, In D. Barker-Plummer, R. Cox and N. Swoboda (Eds.): Diagrammmatic Representation and Inference, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, LNAI 4045 (pp. 173-175).  Berlin and Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag.



(in chronological order)


  • Deshmukh, N. D., Lale, V. D., Pradhan, H. C. and others. (2011) Kumar Vishwakosh (Junior Science) Biology and Environment - Part I (Marathi), Maharashtra Rajya Vishwakosh Nirmiti Mandal.
  • Vartak, R. and Ronad, A.  (2011) Indian National Biology Olympiad- Theory Papers (2002-2004), HBCSE, Mumbai.
  • Vartak, R. and Ronad, A. (2011) Indian National Biology Olympiad- Theory Papers (2005-2007), HBCSE, Mumbai.
  • Ronad, A., Mahajan B. S. and Dureja, A. (2008). (Tr. Abu Omamah, Ed. Mohd Azam) AIDS: Aapke sawaalon ke jawab, Aligarh: Centre for Promotion of Science, Aligarh Muslim University.
  • Deshmukh, Narendra D. and Agarkar S. C. (2007) Krutipradhan Vidnyan Adhyapan (Jaivik Vidnyan) (in Marathi), March 2007, HBCSE, TIFR, Mumbai.
  • Mahajan, B. S. and Nair, S.  (2004) War against communicable diseases: We can win it: a booklet based on the mobile exhibition on Health, HBCSE, Jan-2004.
  • Mahajan, B. S. and Nair, S. (2003) Health and Environment: Action-based Learning (HEAL): Protocol Guide, HBCSE, October 2003
  • Dureja, A. and Mahajan, B. (2001): Answering your questions about AIDS, a booklet by HBCSE, Mumbai. 

Ph.D. Thesis

  • Narendra Deshmukh. A study of students'  misconceptions in biology at secondary school level and development of remedial research based material. November 2012, Mumbai University
  • Sindhu Mathai. Visual Depictions and Mental Visualisation of Human Body Systems in Middle School Students. January 2011, TIFR Deemed University
  • Abhijeet Bardapurkar. Understanding Causality in Natural Selection: Towards the Problematic of Learning Darwin’s Theory of Evolution. February 2009, TIFR Deemed University


In Journals

 (in chronological order)

  • Kharatmal, M. (2009): Concept Mapping for Eliciting Students’ Understanding of Science. Indian Educational Review. 45(2), pp.31-43, 2009.

  • Vartak, R. (2006) Photosynthesis in plants with non-green leaves, Journal of Biological Education, 40(4).
  • Pathak, S., Mahajan, B. S., and Akolkar, A. ( 2002) Onion as an educational tool for phylogenetic studies: Molecular analysis and a new phylogeny? Resonance, 7(3), pp. 66-79.
  • Vartak, R. (2001) Chromatography - An Educational Tool, Resonance 6, pp. 83-91.
  • Mahajan, B. S. (2000) Biology Olympiad Programme in India, Current Science, 79(8), pp. 1058-1061.
  • Mahajan, B. S. and Chunawala, S. (1999) Indian Secondary Students' Understanding of Different Aspects of Health, International Journal of Science Education, 21 (11), 1155-1168.
  • Mahajan, B. S., Rajadhyaksha, M. (1998) Biological Evolution, Resonance, 3(9), pp. 74-80.


In Proceedings

(in chronological order)

  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2013): Representing Change Using Concept Maps. In G. Nagarjuna (Eds.) Proceedings of epiSTEME 5 -- International Conference to Review Research on Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, p. 124-131. India: Cinnamonteal.
  • Deshmukh, N. and Deshmukh, V. (2011) Textbook: A Source of Misconceptions at the Secondary School Level. In S. Chunawala & M. Kharatmal (Eds.) Proceedings of epiSTEME 4 -- International Conference to Review Research on Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, p. 144-149. India: Macmillan.
  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2011):  An Analysis of Growth of Knowledge Based on Concepts and Predicates---A Preliminary Study. In S. Chunawala & M. Kharatmal (Eds.) Proceedings of epiSTEME 4 -- International Conference to Review Research on Science, Technology and Mathematics Education, p. 144-149. India: Macmillan.
  • Kawalkar, A. and Vijapurkar J. (2009) What do cells really look like? Confronting children's resistance to accepting a 3-D model. In K. Subramaniam and Majumdar, A. (Eds.), epiSTEME 3, Proceedings of International Conference to Review Research on Science, Technology and Mathematics, Education, HBCSE, Mumbai, India, Jan 2009.
  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2009): Refined Concept Maps for Science Education: A Feasibility Study   In K. Subramaniam & A. Majumdar (Eds.) epiSTEME 3 Third International Conference on Review of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education. Mumbai: MacMillan Publishers Ltd.
  • Mathai, S and Ramadas, J (2007). Visualising structure and function of the digestive system. Abstract for Gordon Research Conference on Visualization in Science and Education, Bryant University, RI, USA.
  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2006): A Proposal To Refine Concept Mapping for Effective Science Learning  In A. Canas,  J. Novak, (Eds.) Concept Maps: Theory, Methodology, Technology. Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Concept Mapping. San Jose, Costa Rica.
  • Bardapurkar, A. S. (2005a): Understanding Natural Selection via Variation and Artificial Selection. A paper presented at Eighth International History, Philosophy, Sociology & Science Teaching Conference, July 15 to July 18, 2005, University of Leeds, England.
  • Deshmukh, N. D. & Agarkar, S. C. (2005) Students’ Perceptions on Cloning and Biotechnology: A study of Indian School Students, In Proceedings of the Fifth Comparative Education Society of Asia Biennial Conference, UKM, Malaysia.
  • Deshmukh, N. D. &  Garode, A. M. (2005) Implementing Water and Sanitation Hygiene Education: Promotion through School Educations, In Proceedings of the First Peoples Education Congress,Allahabad.
  • Deshmukh, N. D. & Sonavane, V. C. (2005) Need of Understanding the Physics involved in Compound Microscope for its Effective Utilization at School Level, In Proceedings of the National Teachers Science Conference, NTSC, Mysore.
  • Deshmukh, N. D. &  Garode, A. M. (2005) Role of Physical Science in Bio-instrumentation and Techniques in Study of Glamorous Subjects: Microbiology, Biochemistry & Health Care, In Proceedings of National Teachers Science Conference, NTSC, Mysore.
  • Deshmukh, N.D. and Agarkar, S. C. (2004) Study of Students’ Ideas about Nature, In Gr. Makrides, A. Gagatsis and K. Nicolaou (Eds.)Proceedings of the CASTME International Conference on Linking Science, Mathematics and Technology Education and Their Relevance, Cyprus Mathematics Society, 2004.
  • Kharatmal, M. & Nagarjuna, G. (2004): Understanding Science Through Knowledge Organizers. In J. Ramadas & S. Chunawala (Eds.) epiSTEME 1 First International Conference on Review of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education. Mumbai: HBCSE.
  • Mathai, S and Ramadas, J (2004). Putting Imagery back into Learning: The Case of Drawings in Human Physiology, Proceedings of the Conference epiSTEME-1, Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, Mumbai.
  • Thulasidas, S. & Nagarjuna G. (2002): A Methodology for the Analysis of Biological Knowledge Base, Conference Proceedings of ICSTME for Human Development, HBCSE Mumbai.
  • Chunawala, S., Natarajan, C., & Ramadas, J. (1999) Indian Students' Ideas about Living and Non-living: a cross cultural study, IOSTE- 9, Symposium of the International Organisation of Science and Technology Education, Durban, South Africa, pages 96-1 04,June 24 to July 2, 1999.