Graduate Course on Perspectives in Science Education



Course Content:

I. Evolution of Science Education and Science Education Research

      1. Founding Fathers of Science Education

      2. Science Education in India

      3. Origin of Science Education Research

                 4. Science Education as a Field of Research

II. Teaching and Learning of Science

      1. Towards Science of Science Teaching

      2. Constructivist Approach to Teaching and Learning of Science

              3. The Role of History and Philosophy of Science in Science Teaching

III. Assessment and Evaluation

      1. Formative and Summative Evaluation

      2. Evaluation of Cognitive and Affective Objectives

               3. Evaluation of Learning in Science

IV. Professional Development of Science Teachers

      1. Paradigm Shift in Subject Teaching

      2. Pre-service Training of Science Teachers

       3. In-service Training of Science Teachers

      4. Teachers as Researchers

V. Trends in Science Education Research

      1. Revolution in Research on Science Teaching

      2. Current Issues in Science Education Research

                3. From Research to Practice

VI. Standards in Science Education

      1. Science Teaching Standards

      2. Standards for Professional Development of Science Teachers

      3. Assessment in Science Education

      4. Science Education Programme Standards

      5. Science Education System Standards

Mode of Assessment

    1. Group Discussion      2. Presentations/seminars


  • Agarkar, S.C and Lale V.D. (Eds.) (2002). Science, Technology and Mathematics Education for Human Development Vol. 1 and 2, Mumbai: Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education, TIFR
  • Bennett Judith (Ed.) (2002). School Science Review, Special Issue on Science Education Research and Practice Vol. 84, No, 304.
  • Bloom, B.S. (1971). Handbook on Formative and Summative Evaluation of Student Learning, New York: McGraw hill Book Company
  • Cheng, Y.C., Tsui, K.T. Chow, K.W. and Mok, M.M.C. (2002). Subject Teaching and Teacher Education: Research and Innovation, Hong Kong: The Hong Kong Institute of Education
  • David Layton (Convenor) (1977). Founding fathers of science education, New Scientists, Vol. 75, Nos. 1064, 1065, 1066, 1067, 1068, 1069 and 1070.
  • Fensham, P. Gunstone, R and White,R. (Eds.) (1994). The Content of Science: A Constructivist Approach to its Teaching and Learning, London; The Falmer Press
  • Fensham, Peter (2004). Defining an Identity: Evolution of Science Education as a Field of Research, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers National Reserch Council (1996). National Science Education Standards, Washington DC: National Academy Press
  • Shayer, Michael and Adey, Philip (1987). Towards Science of Science Teaching: Cognitive development and Curriculum Demand, London: Heineman Educational Books
  • Gilbert, J.K. (Ed.) (2003). International Journal of Science Education, Special Issue on Science Education: Past, Present and Future.
  • White, Richard (2002) The Revolution in Research in Science Teaching In Virginia Richardson (Ed.) Handbook of Research on Teaching, Washington DC: American Educational Research Association
Course Coordinator: