By the 1950s a parallel change was occurring simultaneously in philosophy and psychology. Practitioners in both fields had begun to realise that insistence upon empirically-accessible sense data (behaviourism in psychology, and positivism and verificationism in philosophy) was too limited to explain all, especially pychological phenomena. Black box psychology would have to be abandoned.
Within behaviourism, mediation theory prepared the way for accepting mental events in explaining behaviour. The cognitivists went further and entirely rejected the s-r framework for conceptualising mental events. However cognitivism retained some aspects of the behaviourist legacy: