Neural network is a system loosely modeled on the human brain. This area of study has several terminologies such as connectionism, parallel distributed processing, neuro-computing, machine learning algorithms and artificial neural networks. I will begin with the structure of biological and artificial neuron and go on to describe training methods for artificial neurons and the functional aspects of the neural network. I would also like to discuss a connectionist model, which explains the neuron-like computation.
Mind Matters: Exploring the World of Artificial Intelligence by James Hogan